Patógenos naturales del ratón, rata y conejos de laboratorio, y sus efectos en la investigación médica – vía www.adiecsforum.com


Clinical Microbiology Reviews, April 1998, p. 231-266, Vol. 11, No. 2
0893-8512/98/$04.00+0
Copyright © 1998, American Society for Microbiology. All rights reserved.

Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Mice, Rats, and Rabbits and Their Effects on Research

David G. Baker*

Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70810

SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION
MICE AND RATS

  • Respiratory System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Pneumonia virus of mice.
      • (ii) Sendai virus.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) CAR bacillus.
      • (ii) Klebsiella pneumoniae.
      • (iii) Mycoplasma pulmonis.
      • (iv) Streptococcus pneumoniae.
    • Fungi.
      • (i) Pneumocystis carinii.
  • Digestive System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Cytomegalovirus.
      • (ii) Mouse parvovirus type 1.
      • (iii) Mouse rotavirus.
      • (iv) Rat rotavirus-like agent.
      • (v) Mouse thymic virus.
      • (vi) Reovirus type 3.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Helicobacter spp.
      • (ii) Citrobacter rodentium.
      • (iii) Clostridium piliforme.
      • (iv) Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
      • (v) Salmonella enteritidis.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Giardia muris.
      • (ii) Spironucleus muris.
      • (iii) Oxyuriasis (pinworms).
  • Dermal System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Mouse mammary tumor virus.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Pasteurella pneumotropica.
      • (ii) Staphylococcus aureus.
      • (iii) Corynebacterium spp. in athymic mice.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Acariasis (mite infestation).
  • Hematopoietic System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.
      • (ii) Lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus.
  • Central Nervous System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Theiler’s murine encephalomyelitis virus.
  • Multiple and Miscellaneous Systems
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Adenoviruses.
      • (ii) Ectromelia virus.
      • (iii) H-1 virus.
      • (iv) Kilham rat virus.
      • (v) Minute virus of mice.
      • (vi) Mouse hepatitis virus.
      • (vii) Sialodacryoadenitis virus.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Corynebacterium kutscheri.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Encephalitozoon cuniculi.

RABBITS

  • Respiratory System
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Bordetella bronchiseptica.
      • (ii) CAR bacillus.
      • (iii) Pasteurella multocida.
  • Digestive System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Adenovirus.
      • (ii) Rabbit enteric coronavirus.
      • (iii) Lapine parvovirus.
      • (iv) Rabbit oral papillomavirus.
      • (v) Rotavirus.
    • Bacteria
      • (i) Clostridium piliforme.
      • (ii) Clostridium spiroforme.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Cryptosporidium parvum.
      • (ii) Eimeria stiedae.
      • (iii) Intestinal coccidiosis.
      • (iv) Passalurus ambiguus.
  • Dermal System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Cottontail rabbit (Shope) papillomavirus.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Staphylococcus aureus.
      • (ii) Treponema cuniculi.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Cheyletiella parasitivorax.
      • (ii) Psoroptes cuniculi.
      • (iii) Sarcoptes scabiei.
    • Fungi.
      • (i) Dermatophytes.
  • Genitourinary System
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus.
    • Parasites.
      • (i) Encephalitozoon cuniculi.
  • Multiple Systems
    • Viruses.
      • (i) Coronavirus (pleural effusion disease/infectious cardiomyopathy virus).
      • (ii) Myxoma virus.
    • Bacteria.
      • (i) Listeria monocytogenes.
      • (ii) Francisella tularensis.

ANIMAL HOUSING FOR PATHOGEN EXCLUSION OR CONTAINMENT
HEALTH-MONITORING PROGRAMS
FUTURE TRENDS
REFERENCES

Link: http://cmr.asm.org/cgi/content/full/11/2/231

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